Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavities, is one of our most common oral diseases. Cavities are caused by acid attacks on the tooth enamel.
Causes for cavities
Every time you eat something, bacteria in your mouth start to produce acids that corrode the teeth. Your saliva helps to cleanse the mouth and neutralize the acids, but this alone is not enough. The bacteria form plaque that continues to damage your teeth if they are not properly cleaned.
Frequent snacking between meals will not give your teeth the chance to recover from the acid attacks. Let your teeth rest and choose water when thirsty instead of sugary or acidic drinks. Always go to bed with clean teeth – the production of saliva is reduced at night.
If you suffer from dry mouth, the risk of cavities is higher. Your oral hygiene is even more important as there is less saliva that helps clean the teeth.
Basic home care
Brush your teeth with a toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste twice a day.
In addition to your daily home care, visit your dentist or dental hygienist regularly.